You’re Too Loud!

Reflecting Trumpet” by John Conyers, 1678. Is it just me or does this look like a star-bellied sneech is about to pop out of this thing?

Source: Royal Philosophical Society, London, Philosophical Transactions, No. 141 (Sept.–Nov,, 1678), 1027–1029. At

Select Sources for Episode 9: “You’re Too Loud!”

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Classical amphitheaters & urban media

Speech by Herochshe of the Kansa (Kaw) nation

  • William M. Clements, “From Performance Through Dialogism to Efficacy,” In Oratory in Native North America (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 2022), 103–23.
  • Edwin James’ 1823 account of this speech in his book Edwin James, Account of an Expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the Years 1819 and 1820, Vol. II (London: Longman, 1823), 32–38.

Classical & other early megaphone tubes

  • Adrienne Mayor, Gods and Robots: Myths, Machines, and Ancient Dreams of Technology(Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2018), 187.
  • Louis Nicholas, “Codex Canadensis” at the Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art,, accessed 8 April, 2023.
  • “Plates of the Codex Canadensis” in Nancy Senior and Réal Ouellet, Codex Canadensis and the Writings of Louis Nicolas: The Natural History of the New World, Histoire Naturelle Des Indes Occidentales, edited by François-Marc Gagnon (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2011), 93–256.

Classical & other early megaphone tubes

The auxetophone

Sound files created and/or recorded by other people

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