General Introductions to Nationalism
- Anthony D. Smith, Nationalism: Theory, Ideology, History (Malden, MA: Polity, 2001).
- Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities, second edition (London: Verso, 1991).
- “Political Spellbinding by Radio,” in Popular Mechanics Magazine 42:6 (Dec., 1924), 879–881.
- “Current Thought: Campaign Orators” in the New York Sun, quoted in Werner’s Magazine, 26:3 (Nov 1900), 275. https://books.google.com/books?id=QrREAQAAMAAJ
- “Current Thought: Women as Campaign Spellbinders” in the Saturday Evening Post, quoted in Werner’s Magazine, 26:3 (Nov 1900), 275. https://books.google.com/books?id=QrREAQAAMAAJ
- Carl Fohl, “Twenty-Five Million Fans To Hear Coolidge,” Radio Section, Indianapolis Gazette, 27 Feb., 1925, 19
- Google’s Ngram viewer ( https://books.google.com/ngrams/ ) charts the frequency of usage of words or phrases in books scanned by the Google Books project. See also https://books.google.com/ngrams/info .
Fascist Totalitarian State Propaganda
- My working definition of Fascism for this episode: Fascism is a 20th-century, ultra-nationalist, extreme right-wing, totalitarian political idea that’s organized around the personal mystique of a militaristic, charismatic dictator, and that uses modern, industrial media to convey propaganda to their national audiences.
- Stephen Gundle, “Mass culture and the cult of personality” in Stephen Gundle, Christopher Duggan, and Giuliana Pieri, eds, The Cult of the Duce: Mussolini and the Italians (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2013), 86. At http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt18mvkcv.
- Konrad Jarausch, A New History of Europe in the Twentieth Century (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2015), 173.
- Lyrics of Giovinezza at Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giovinezza, accessed 20 May, 2023.
- Rebecca Donner, All the Frequent Troubles of Our Days: The True Story of the Woman at the Heart of the German Resistance to Hitler (New York: Little, Brown & Co., 2021), 72.
- Huub Wijfjes, “Spellbinding and Crooning: Sound Amplification, Radio, and Political Rhetoric in International Comparative Perspective, 1900–1945,” in Technology & Culture, 55:1 (Jan., 2014), 169. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24468400. Note that the Nazi radio statistic also comes from Wijfjes, who is quoting another German scholar.
- César Saerchinger, “Radio as a Political Instrument,” in Foreign Affairs, 16:2 (Jan., 1938), 250–251. https://www.jstor.org/stable/20028845.
- For more on Saerchinger, see his obituary in the New York Times. “César CSaechinger, a Pioneer in Transatlantic Radio, Dies,” New York Times (11 Oct., 1971), 38.
Sound Files (not created by Doug)
- Italian National Anthem, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Canto_degli_Italiani_-_Marina_Militare_(strumentale).wav , accessed 24 May, 2023.